Fifty years ago next year, the Beatles toured Australia, Melbourne won one of the great Grand Finals by just four points and Aussies took home a paltry $39 a week. And fifty years ago an air travel revolution started with jets introduced onto domestic services replacing slower prop-jet Electras.At the time the cost of air travel was prohibitive, with the return fare from Perth to Sydney at $210 – more than five times the average weekly earnings. In today’s equivalent that would be a staggering $7,255. But in 1964 a loaf of bread only cost 15 cents and a quart of milk about the same.Ansett-ANA and Trans Australian Airlines both took delivery of their first 131-seat Boeing 727s in October 1964 and they also ordered the smaller DC-9 twin-jets. TAA called its 727s and DC-9s Whispering T-Jets, referring to the fact the plane’s jet engines were positioned at the rear of the plane and they had T-tails.While the re-engine configuration made for a quieter cabin, for airport residents the sound was anything but whispering with both types of jet impacting an area of up to 51sq km with high noise levels. The 727 and DC-9 are today banned from Australian airports because of their noisy engines.While passengers loved the smoother jet ride above most of the weather – meal time was slim pickings with just coffee and sandwiches on offer on domestic services. Competition was heavily regulated by the government’s Two Airline Policy which dictated that both airlines purchased the same types of planes and flew identical schedules. Innovation was scant, although the airlines were consistently profitable.However the efficiency and economy of the jets started to impact airfares and by 1981 domestic flying was only a quarter of the cost it was in 1964. Around this time the government started to loosen its grip on airline regulation with both airlines buying differing equipment and experimenting with new flights.TAA ordered 250-seat Airbus A300s while Ansett ordered 767s, 737s and 727-200LRs. In-flight innovation also resulted with in-flight music and hot meal services.At the end of 1980s the government deregulated the airline system and fares plummeted but so did the airlines.The first new airline Compass lost its way by charging return fares as low as $200 to Sydney from Perth when the standard return fare at the time was $600. In the late 1990s the government allowed a foreign owned airline to operate domestic services and Virgin Blue was born. Fares plummeted as Virgin hired eager staff that were paid half that of the incumbent airlines.Ansett failed, leaving the field to Qantas which had absorbed Australian Airlines (TAA) in 1994 and Virgin Blue.Today Australians, who earn on average $1,455 a week, enjoy what is unquestionably the world’s best domestic airline system. And the regular return fare to Sydney is around $400 –and often a lot less during seat sales.Air travel has soared from 3 million in 1964 to 56 million for the year to October 2013.
South Africa has one of the highest rates of public investment in education in the world. Government spending on basic education during 2015/16 is estimated at R203 468-billion. (Image: Mathiba Molefe)Brand South Africa ReporterAccording to the Bill of Rights of South Africa’s Constitution, all South Africans have the right to a basic education, including adult basic education and access to further education. The state has an obligation, through reasonable measures, to progressively make this education available and accessible.South Africa has one of the highest rates of public investment in education in the world. At about 7% of gross domestic product (GDP) and 20% of total state expenditure, the government spends more on education than on any other sector.Government spending on basic education during 2015/16 is estimated at R203 468 billion.Over the next three years, roughly R640 billion will go towards basic education.Three bands of educationStructure and responsibilitiesSchool statisticsHigher education and trainingSpending and challengesAction Plan to 2014Three bands of educationSouth Africa’s National Qualifications Framework (NQF) recognises three broad bands of education: General Education and Training, Further Education and Training, and Higher Education and Training.School life spans 13 years or grades, from grade 0, otherwise known as grade R or “reception year”, through to grade 12 or “matric” – the year of matriculation. General Education and Training runs from grade 0 to grade 9.Under the South African Schools Act of 1996, education is compulsory for all South Africans from the age of seven (grade 1) to age 15, or the completion of grade 9.General Education and Training also includes Adult Basic Education and Training (ABET), which is available to adults who want to finish their basic education.Further Education and Training takes place from grades 10 to 12, and also includes career-oriented education and training offered in other Further Education and Training institutions – technical colleges, community colleges and private colleges. Diplomas and certificates are qualifications recognised at this level.The matric pass rate, which was as low as 40% in the late 1990s, has improved considerably. A total of 511 152 candidates sat the matriculation exams in 2012, 73.9% of whom passed. This is an increase of 13.3% since 2009 (60.6%).Structure and responsibilitiesSince 2009, the national Department of Education has been split into two ministries: Basic Education, and Higher Education and Training. Each ministry is responsible for its level of education across the country as a whole, while each of the nine provinces has its own education department.South African Communist Party secretary-general Blade Nzimande is the minister of Higher Education and Training, while former Gauteng Education MEC Angie Motshekga oversees the Ministry of Basic Education.The Ministry of Basic Education focuses on primary and secondary education, as well as early childhood development centres.The Ministry of Higher Education and Training is responsible for tertiary education up to doctorate level, technical and vocational training, as well as adult basic education and training.It also oversees public and private FET colleges, which cater for out-of-school youth and adults. The government aims to have 1-million students enrolled at colleges by 2014.The split also saw the sector education and training authorities (Setas) move from the Department of Labour to Higher Education, aiming to foster a more co-operative approach to skills development.The central government provides a national framework for school policy, but administrative responsibility lies with the provinces. Power is further devolved to grassroots level via elected school governing bodies, which have a significant say in the running of their schools.Private schools and higher education institutions have a fair amount of autonomy, but are expected to fall in line with certain government non-negotiables – no child may be excluded from a school on grounds of his or her race or religion, for example.The Umalusi Council, which is appointed by the minister of Higher Education, sets and monitors standards for general and further education and training, while the Council of Higher Education keeps an eye on higher education and training, including accreditation and quality assurance.School statisticsSouth Africa relies on the matric pass rate as a significant marker of what’s going on in its schools. The matric pass rate, which was as low as 40% in the late 1990s, has improved considerably. South Africa’s 2014 matric students achieved a pass rate of 75.8%. There was an increase in achievements by distinction in subjects such as History: increased from 3.3% to 4.1%, Mathematical Literacy: from 1.8% to 2.4% and Physical Science: 3.0% to 3.3%.The 2015 statistics from the Department of Basic Education show that the National Senior Certificate (NSC) examination was written by 550 127 full-time learners and 138 533 part-time students, in public and independent schools.In South Africa, the average ratio of learners to teachers is 30.4 to one, which includes educators paid for by school governing bodies. Without those extra posts, the ratio would be 32.3 to one. In general, public schools generally have larger classes than those in independent schools.See a selection of reports to date from the Department of Basic Education’s report, including education statistics for 2014Higher education and trainingHigher Education and Training, or tertiary education, includes education for undergraduate and postgraduate degrees, certificates and diplomas, up to the level of the doctoral degree.A matric endorsement is required for the study of university degrees, with a minimum of three subjects passed at the higher, rather than standard, grade, although some universities set additional academic requirements. A standard school-leaving South African senior certificate is sufficient for technical qualifications and diplomas.South Africa has a vibrant higher education sector, with 23 state-funded tertiary institutions: 11 universities, six universities of technology, and six comprehensive institutions. There are also new institutes of higher education, the Northern Cape National Institute for Higher Education, and the Mpumalanga National Institute for Higher Education.Many of South Africa’s universities are world-class academic institutions, at the cutting edge of research in certain spheres. Although subsidised by the state, the universities are autonomous, reporting to their own councils rather than government.See South Africa’s universitiesAccording to figures from the Council of Higher Education, 892 936 students (726 882 undergraduates and 138 610 postgraduates) were enrolled in South Africa’s public higher-education institutions in 2010. Staff employed by these institutions numbered 127 969, with 46 579 of those academic staff.In 2010, the public higher education institutions produced 153 741 qualifications at all levels, with 74 612 qualifications in the human and social sciences; 41 724 in business and commerce; and 37 405 qualifications in science and technology.Higher education is also offered at private institutions, of which there are 88 registered and 27 provisionally registered with the Department of Higher Education to confer specific degrees and diplomas.See the Register of Higher Education Institutions [PDF]Since 2009, the Department of Higher Education and Training has also been responsible for Further Education and Training (FET), which covers training provided from Grades 10 to 12, including career-oriented education and training offered in technical colleges, community colleges and private colleges. There are currently around 450 registered FET colleges in South Africa.See the latest Register of Private FET colleges [PDF], which includes colleges’ approved qualifications and contact details.The National Student Financial Aid Scheme (NSFAS) was established in 1999 to make higher education possible for financially disadvantaged students through loans and concessions, such as not charging interest on student loans until 12 months after a student has graduated.See the National Student Financial Aid Scheme website.Spending and challengesCompared with most other countries, education gets a very large slice of the public pie – around 20% of total state expenditure. It receives the largest share of government spending.More money is always needed to address the huge backlogs left by 40 years of apartheid education. Under that system, white South African children received a quality schooling virtually for free, while their black counterparts had only “Bantu education”, a keystone of the overall apartheid system.Although today’s government is working to rectify the imbalances in education, the apartheid legacy remains. Illiteracy rates currently stand at around 18% of adults over 15 years old (about 9-million adults are not functionally literate), teachers in township schools are poorly trained.Despite the challenges, much has been achieved since apartheid legislation was scrapped. For example, in 1993 nearly half of all students in higher education institutions were white, but since 1994, black African enrolments have nearly doubled, growing by 91% (or 4.4% a year) and overall enrolments have grown by 41% (or 2.3% a year).However, South Africa’s student participation rate – that is, the proportion of 18- to 24-year olds in higher education – is a low 16%.Equity has yet to be achieved: almost 58.5% of whites and around 51% of Indians enter higher education. The rate for coloureds is 14.3%, while blacks are even lower at 12%. The reason for this is generally understood as poor quality primary and secondary schooling, which is a priority for the current government.The greatest challenges for schooling lie in the poorer, rural provinces such as the Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal. Schools are generally better resourced in the more affluent provinces such as Gauteng and the Western Cape.Action Plan to 2014The government’s newest strategy for turning education around is known as “Action Plan to 2014: Towards the Realisation of Schooling 2025”, which aims to improve learning and the work of teachers.With a new curriculum at its heart, the focus is on literacy and numeracy. Known as the national Curriculum and Assessment Policy Statement (CAPS), the new curriculum provides very specific guidelines to streamline what is taught in schools with the aim to close the divide between well-resourced and poor schools. Curriculum implementation is supported through the national educational portal, Thutong (Setswana, meaning “place of learning”).Other measures include the introduction of standardised assessments of grade three, six and nine to better track progress; an emphasis on early child development and universal access to Grade R; ensuring learners have access to good quality textbooks; and improving school infrastructure and strengthening school management.Teacher education and development programmes have also been strengthened, including funding for bursaries for trainee teachers.The education of the poorest of the poor remains a priority, and includes two notable programmes. One is no-fee schools, institutions that receive all their required funding from the state and so do not have to charge school fees. These have been carefully identified in the country’s most poverty-stricken areas.The other is the National Schools Nutrition Programme, which gives more than 8.8- million schoolchildren a cooked meal five days a week.Read more about the Action Plan to 2014: Towards the Realisation of Schooling 2025 on the Department of Basic Education’s website.Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.
University of the Philippines head coach Bo Perasol admitted that the missed 8-second violation late in the fourth quarter of the Fighting Maroons loss to the Ateneo Blue Eagles was crucial.ADVERTISEMENT “We have to find a way how we can play through that, but then again, I’m hoping the officials will do a better job [because] we’re exerting effort to win.” The referees failed to call an 8-second infraction on Ateneo point guard Jolo Mendoza, who fell just before crossing center court near the four-minute mark with the game tied at 79.Instead, UP playmaker Jun Manzo was whistled for a foul.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutIt was an obvious head-scratcher but Perasol isn’t the type to cry over spilled milk.“It was really [crucial]. But it happens and I can’t delve on that,” Perasol told reporters after the Maroons’ 96-82 loss. “It’s something they’ve decided on and they can’t reverse that.” Read Next FEU sets record for most 3s with 18, but 42 attempts ‘way too much’ QC cops nab robbery gang leader, cohort Stronger peso trims PH debt value to P7.9 trillion CPP denies ‘Ka Diego’ arrest caused ‘mass panic’ among S. Tagalog NPA Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa LATEST STORIES Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles03:07Robredo to ICAD: Let’s go beyond our diefferences00:50Trending Articles01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC MOST READ Japan ex-PM Nakasone who boosted ties with US dies at 101 View comments Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. John Lloyd Cruz a dashing guest at Vhong Navarro’s wedding Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH
Regular members of the Indian team know how to treasure an off day. After all, with cricket ‘seasons’ a thing of the past and even two-week breaks between series getting filled up with other series every year, the off day has become a rare commodity for the cricketers.After their record victory over England that signalled the end of the group stage on Sunday, India have no game scheduled till Friday, and a few of the senior players decided to utilise the rest day to soak in the sights and sounds of Sri Lanka, even though they seem to travel here almost every year.MS Dhoni, Yuvraj Singh, Harbhajan Singh and Virat Kohli headed off to Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia, a suburb of Colombo that lies roughly 15 kilometres south of the city Centre on Galle Road. The area is known for its ‘golden mile’ of beaches, and is a tourist hotspot.Incidentally, Monday was also the fifth anniversary of India’s triumph over Pakistan in the inaugural World Twenty20 in South Africa.Dhoni and the two Singhs were integral members of that team, and a few fans loitering about in the hotel lobby had reminded and congratulated them on the feat in the morning.Rohit Sharma, whose unbeaten 50 played a key role in India’s walloping of England, stayed back and had some friends over for company. They enjoyed lunch in the hotel.Gautam Gambhir, meanwhile, decided to be the dutiful husband and took wife Natasha out for a tour of Colombo itself.The hotel authorities were under strict instructions from the team management not to let the players be disturbed, and the other members of the team seemed to enjoy their day of privacy inside their rooms.With their minds refreshed, members of the team will regroup on Tuesday morning with a scheduled three-hour practice session at the Colts Cricket Club here.And with Australia, South Africa and Pakistan waiting to pounce on them once the Super Eights begin, the intensity will need to be straight back up.advertisement
Man Utd hero Ince: Two better options than joke appointment Solskjaerby Paul Vegas10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveManchester United hero Paul Ince has slammed plans to name Ole Gunnar Solskjaer as caretaker manager.Molde coach Solskjaer is expected to be named United caretaker boss after the dismissal of Jose Mourinho on Tuesday.But Ince says: “The suggestion of Ole Gunnar Solskjær makes me laugh, that has to be a joke. It’s absolute madness.”He also wrote for Paddy Power: “If it was me? I’d pick Steve Bruce today. He’s not working at the moment, and he had seven or eight years at the club. He’s been a very good, and successful manager and he more than many understands what it’s like to be a United player. Yes, he’s been sacked, but we’ve all been sacked before.”Between him and Solskjaer there’s no comparison. Plus, I’d love it to be someone English, and someone who United fans through the ages immediately recognise and say ‘I remember Steve Bruce, what a player he was.'”The only other caretaker candidate I’d choose would be Roy Keane. He’d knock those players into shape in no time, he’s managed, and he’s familiar with the club.” TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say
TagsPremiership NewsAbout the authorIan FerrisShare the loveHave your say Uefa and Premier League liaise over Man City sponsorship dealsby Ian Ferris10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveUefa and the Premier League have agreed to share information from separate investigations into allegations surrounding the sponsorship deal Manchester City struck with the Etihad airline in 2015, reports SportBusiness.Football’s European governing body and the Premier League have been carrying out their own inquiries after allegations surrounding the agreement were published by German magazine Der Spiegel.It was claimed in the magazine that, according to leaked emails from executives involved in the deal, £59.5m (€66m/$76m) that was supposed to have been transferred to the club from the airline was in fact paid directly by City’s owners, Abu Dhabi United Group.The league and Uefa have now agreed to share their information and have also reached an arrangement to share any further information in the future.Uefa has been probing whether such actions may have breached Financial Fair Play (FFP) rules. Just days ago, AC Milan was sanctioned after falling foul of FFP regulations, with the Italian Serie A club told that it faces being banned from European competition for one season if it does not break even by June 2021.According to The Times, Uefa president Aleksander Ceferin expects the outcome of the case to be known “very soon”.
Incumbent councillors Betty Ponto, Brent Taillefer, and Dave Lueneberg have officially submitted re-election bids. The trio were all acclaimed in 2014 but will need to campaign in this year’s election after two other candidates officially submitted nomination papers.Sherry Davies and Michelle Turnbull will be looking to get elected to one of the four seats on Taylor Council.This year’s municipal election is taking place on October 20th, with advance voting days on the 10th and 17th. TAYLOR, B.C. – Voters will need to decide who will be the District of Taylor’s next mayor, and the race will be an interesting one.Incumbent mayor Rob Fraser will be looking to get re-elected to a second term in the upcoming election. Fraser served as a councillor in Taylor from 1994 to 2006 before being elected mayor in 2014 to succeed former mayor Fred Jarvis. Jarvis declined to run for re-election that year, after serving as the District’s mayor for 28 years.On Friday, Laura Prosko became the lone other candidate to file nomination papers in the mayoral race. Prosko was, until recently, the District’s Director of Community Services.
Danilo insisted that Manchester City have to overcome their first major crisis of the season and fully focus on the upcoming Champions League game against Liverpool as they still can advance to the semifinals.The Brazilian full-back admitted that this week has been a huge disappointment for the whole team as they were beaten by Liverpool 3-0 and then lost the derby despite leading 2-0 after the first half – but now, they have to forget all this.The former Real Madrid player spoke about his side’s morale as he said, according to Belfast Telegraph:“Well, without doubt, the atmosphere, the feeling, is of sadness, of disappointment.”Report: City are stunned by Norwich George Patchias – September 14, 2019 Manchester City was stunned by Norwich City in todays Premier League clash.Much has been made in recent days of the potential impact of Aymeric…“We started the game really well, but we must return to the pitch as soon as possible because on Tuesday we have another big challenge to overcome a result.”“Without any doubt (the City fans were great). We need to thank them all.”“Not just for today but all the season, but especially the atmosphere they created today was amazing.”“They helped us until the last minute and I am sure they could help us a lot against Liverpool if they are able to create that atmosphere again and try to help us to overcome the result.”
Dhaka Metropolitan Police (DMP) commissioner Asaduzzaman Mia addresses a programme on traffic discipline and awareness at Mohanagar Natya Mancha on Thursday. Photo: DMPDhaka Metropolitan Police (DMP) commissioner Asaduzzaman Mia on Thursday admitted that the DMP and other authorities concerned have failed to ensure discipline on roads in the capital, reports UNB.Speaking at a views-exchange meeting, he also said the bus of Suprabhat Paribahan which killed a student of Bangladesh University of Professionals (BUP) was operating in the city without route permits.”The death of a meritorious student, Abrar, has demonstrated that we couldn’t ensure discipline on the roads. It’s a failure of all of us. No one of us can avoid the responsibility. We don’t want such accident to occur,” the DMP commissioner said.He also said such a tragic accident would not have taken place had all concerned performed their responsibilities with sincerity.Traffic East Division of DMP arranged the programme on traffic discipline and awareness at Mohanagar Natya Mancha.Abrar Ahmed Chowdhury, a student of Bangladesh University of Professionals, died in front of Bashundhara Gate on Tuesday morning after being hit by a bus, prompting students to wage a fresh movement for safe road.Asaduzzaman said the bus owners’ current system of daily contract with drivers and their helpers is one of the main reasons behind the road accidents. “No owner can hand over their vehicles to divers based on such daily contractual system.”He also said they will take effective steps so that unfit and model-out vehicles cannot run in the city. “We’ll intensify our drive against the unfit vehicles.The DMP chief said Suprabhat Paribahan’s bus had the permission to ply on Dhaka-Brahmanbaria Highway, but the vehicle owners operated it in Dhaka illegally.He said police filed 27 lawsuits against the bus for violating the traffic rules.The DMP commissioner also said the route permits of one Suprabhat and two Jabal-e-Noor Paribahan buses have already been cancelled. “The two companies have been asked to submit all the legal and fitness-related documents of their vehicles to the authorities concerned.”Asaduzzaman Mia said only the buses that have proper fitness and other legal documents will be allowed to ply Dhaka’s roads.He urged demonstrating students not to block the roads as it causes sufferings to millions of people. “Be responsible, and you please go back to class and concentrate on our work. We’ve arrested the driver and seized the bus.”The DMP commissioner said maximum punishment of the Suprobhat Paribahan bus driver can be ensured since the accident took place over the zebra crossings.