A workshopper assisted CIO Tomiaki Tamura to scoop

first_imgA workshopper assisted CIO Tomiaki Tamura to scoop Passion Fruit Sorbet for desert. Chef Ali Sadiqi planned the menu for the dinner following the concert which included: Chilled Avocado Soup, ThaiLemongrass and Mussel Soup, Southwest Chicken Salad, Dilled Seafood Salad, Curried Red Lentils with Raisinsand Capers, Indonesian Tempeh with Peanuts and Pak Choy, and Arcosanti Bakery Pesto Swirl Bread. Planning Department Manager Nadia Begin and Paolo Soleri chat with a concert-goer.Also pictured, Site Coordinator Mary Hoadley. August 17, 2001Every summer Arcosanti hosts The Young Composers Workshop – a chance for youngcomposers to work withprofessional musicians culminating with a concert in the Colly Soleri Music Center. Pictured: The California E.A.R.Unit – who have been the “ensemble-in-residence for the workshop” since 1995.[Photos and text by: Jennifer Thornton] center_img Earlier in the day, Workshoppers helped the cafe to prepare hors d’oeuvres for the event. Workshoppers Mary and Julia served appetizers during intermission.last_img read more

text and photos by Shannon Mackenzie

first_img(text and photos by Shannon Mackenzie) January 24, 2018Last week, a group of architects from Phoenix came to visit Arcosanti and took a special Architecture & Planning tour with resident and Penn State graduate Ryan David.You can see these architects’ work and read publications about their projects on their website at http://www.localstudioaz.comlast_img

Reilly on board with new state government transparency initiative

first_img Tags: FOIA Categories: Reilly News State Rep. John Reilly of Oakland Township says he supports bipartisan legislation introduced today to make state government more transparent.“This is another sign of the House’s commitment to be more accountable and accessible to the people of Michigan,” Reilly said.Reilly joined colleagues in the announcement of the bill package to make Michigan’s governor and lieutenant governor subject to the Freedom of Information Act. The proposal also calls for a similar disclosure requirement for state representatives and senators, called the Legislative Open Records Act.“I believe government should be held accountable to the people they serve,” he said.Michigan is one of just two states where public records disclosure does not apply to the governor’s office.The Legislative Open Records Act would exempt some records, including letters to and from people in the lawmaker’s district, human resources files and ongoing legislative investigations or lawsuits.Today’s bill package introduction comes in the wake of the House’s recent announcement that its website now includes the salary information of every representative and employee, another move toward increased transparency.###center_img 01Feb Reilly on board with new state government transparency initiativelast_img read more

In This Issue ECB and Fed to show their hands

first_imgIn This Issue. * ECB and Fed to show their hands * Global data shows a wider slowdown * UK data continue to disappoint * Aussie dollar touches 4 month high And, Now, Today’s Pfennig For Your Thoughts! Waiting on the Fed. Good day, and welcome to August. As Mike mentioned, July will go down as the hottest month ever here in St. Louis and we aren’t alone in our battle against the heat as the entire country will probably set a record for the average temperature in July. At least our power hasn’t shut off and we can enjoy some AC, unlike the folks in India where there was a massive power outage over the past few days. The dollar rally seemed to lose power yesterday as currency investors were afraid to take positions ahead of the ECB and Fed announcements. The world’s two top central banks continue their meetings today and the markets will look to the post meeting announcements for some direction. The Fed head, Ben Bernanke, will be the first up to the podium this afternoon and then he will be followed by the ECB President Mario Draghi who will hold his press conference tomorrow. I don’t think we will see any dramatic action taken by our Fed this meeting, as they chose instead to ‘kick the can’ for another month. But things are different for the ECB who will be forced to come up with something. The global economy continues to slow, which has put increased pressure on both central banks to come up with some sort of stimulus. Data released yesterday here in the US showed consumer spending stagnated in June after dropping a revised .1% the month before. Personal income was up slightly both months, which indicates US consumers continue to tighten their belts. This data, along with the stagnant employment picture here in the US shows the problem Bernanke and the rest of the FOMC members face. They need to try and stimulate the US economy, but their only tools are their ability to control interest rates. Typically the Fed only has a direct impact on the short end of the curve, and the only way for them to control longer rates was by ‘jawboning’ them up or down by adjusting the markets inflation expectations. But during the credit crisis, the Fed felt rates were still too high on the long end so they took a lead from the UK and Japan and instituted a couple of ‘quantitative easing’ plans to try and drive them down. The Fed became big buyers of longer dated bonds which helped drive the 10 year yields to record low levels (I question just how much of this drop in rates was due to the Fed as the Euro crisis has probably done more to reduce rates here in the US than ‘operation twist’!). But have these lower rates had any kind of stimulative impact on the US economy? Yes, every time the Fed announces another easing program the stock market has rallied a bit, but the last time I checked the Fed’s dual mandate did not include keeping equity markets in the black. The purpose of lower rates are to try and get consumers and businesses to make the decision to borrow and spend, stimulating the economy. But as I just mentioned, US consumer spending has stagnated, and companies don’t seem to be confident enough to begin hiring workers. Lower mortgage rates are great for those of us who are working, but I have to believe most homeowners who have the ability to re-finance have already done so. So just how much stimulus will lower rates bring? Not much if you ask me. Both consumers and businesses will continue to be worried about the outcome of the elections, and what that will mean for tax policy here in the US. There is also that nagging ‘fiscal cliff’ which is lurking out there at the end of 2012. I certainly don’t envy the position our boys and girls over at the Fed have put themselves into, and I think they will take the ‘safer’ option today and simply tell the markets they will continue to monitor the situation and stand ready to ‘take action’ if needed (what exactly that action is will remain a mystery). As Mike wrote yesterday, the ECB President has painted himself into an even more difficult position with his assurance that the ECB will do ‘whatever is necessary’ to support the euro. The currency markets have certainly priced in some action by the ECB. Nobody expects either central bank to take action on rates, as they are just about as low as they can go. Instead, the markets have been pricing in some other type of stimulus program, either an extension of their current quantitative easing programs or new ones designed to pump more liquidity into the markets. I think currency traders will probably give Bernanke some room, but now is the time for Mr. Draghi to put up or shut up. But the problems in Europe won’t be solved with one dramatic announcement. Draghi can only hope to convince the markets that the ECB has a long term plan to deal with the crisis, but I think the risk is that the markets won’t be convinced by his words and the euro will give back all of the appreciation we have seen over the past week. There is no ‘silver bullet’ which will kill the debt crisis in Europe. The collapse of the Greek economy is well underway, and the ECB can only hope a similar situation does not occur in Spain or Italy. The labor markets are bad here in the US, but are even worse in Europe with the jobless rate reaching a record level. According to a report released today, unemployment in the eurozone reached a revised 11.2% in May and held at that record level in June. And the ECB won’t be able to depend on a global economic rally as data indicates the globe will continue to be stuck in a ‘slow growth’ mode for the next few years. Euro-are manufacturing contracted for a 12th month in July according to a report released today; falling to a 37 month low of 44 from 45.1 in June. A report released in Canada this morning showed GDP in our neighbor to the north rose just .1% in May, less than economists forecast. Another report showed China manufacturing, which most believe will be the force driving the global economic recovery, stalled out in July and is teetering on the edge of contraction. The Purchasing Managers’ index in China unexpectedly fell to 50.1 in July, the weakest in eight months from 50.2 in June. Another piece of data due out today is predicted to show manufacturing in the US also stagnated in July. The ISM factory index is due out this morning, and is expected to show a slight increase from last month’s reading of 49.7, but the index isn’t expected to rise much above 50 which is the dividing line between contraction and expansion. Regional reports in the US released yesterday confirmed that manufacturing is sputtering with manufacturing gauges in Wisconsin and Ohio declining. The pound sterling dropped a bit overnight after a report showed UK manufacturing shrank the most in more than three years in July. The gauge fell to 45.4 from a revised 48.4 in June, weaker than any of the 30 forecasts on Bloomberg. The Bank of England is meeting today and tomorrow, and is expected to announce no change in their policies. The BOE was the first to institute a bond buying program designed to stimulate their economy, a model followed by the US and Europe. Unfortunately, the results of this QE program have not lasted. This is worrisome for the US and the ECB, as our stimulus programs were instituted after those of the BOE. While the economies are definitely different, it is not good to see a QE program which has been in place longer than our own seemingly having little lasting impact on the UK economy. The pound barely even got a lift from hosting the Olympics. There was one bright spot in all of the manufacturing data released yesterday. Sweden’s manufacturing unexpectedly expanded in July, with a purchasing managers’ index rising to 50.6 in July from 48.4 the previous month. The Swedish economy expanded 1.4% in the second quarter as consumer spending rose and an increase in exports of services offset a decline in exports of goods. The news sent the Swedish krona higher as currency traders lowered bets that the Riksbsank would lower rates in September. The Swedish krona was the second best performing currency during the month of July, rising 2.45% vs. the US$. The top performer during last month? It was the Australian dollar which rose 2.77% vs. the US$. The aussie dollar touched the highest level in more than four months moving solidly through $1.05. The currency was helped by a report which showed house prices unexpectedly rose in the three months through June as lower rates helped stimulate the housing market. Another report showed building approvals decreased by less than economists had expected, which was another good piece of news for the important housing sector in Australia. There was a pickup in the number of first time homebuyers, increasing the amount of liquidity in the housing market. Then there was this. As I mentioned in the opening paragraph, people in India faced a massive power outage over the past few days. I was actually made aware of the outage well before anything was reported about it here in the states, as I continue to work with programmers based out of India. I was scheduled to be on a call with a programmer early yesterday morning, and was a bit upset when he never called in as we were waiting on some code improvements which we wanted to get in place prior to the month end. We were finally able to reach an associate of his in London who told us about the power outage. India has gone through some tremendous growth, but their infrastructure hasn’t been able to keep up with the changes in the population. Throw in a drought and high temps similar to what we have been experiencing here in the Midwest, and you end up with a power system which just couldn’t handle the demand. Apparently over 620 million were without power across India, that equates to almost two times the entire population of the US. While the power is expected to come back on sometime today, the drought is continuing and Goldman Sachs announced yesterday that they were lowering their GDP growth forecasts for India because of the lack of rain. Goldman reduced India’s FY2013 GDP forecast to 5.7% from 6.6% due to the weak monsoon season. They also reduced their rate cut forecast to 25 bps in 2012 which will probably occur in the 4th quarter. Goldman maintained their view that the RBI will cut an additional 50 bps in 2013. None of this is good news for the Indian rupee. To recap. The ECB and FED begin their meetings today, and Bernanke should make an announcement this afternoon. I don’t expect our Fed to take any new action, but the markets are expecting something big from the ECB. The currencies remained in a tight range waiting for any news. Manufacturing data released across the globe verified a global slowdown is underway. UK manufacturing data weighed on the pound and Sweden was the sole bright spot, posting a positive manufacturing number. The Australian dollar was the top performer in July, and added to its gains moving up above $1.0530. And finally, there was a massive power outage in India, with over twice the population of the US losing power. Currencies today 8/1/12. American Style: A$ $1.0531, kiwi .8129, C$ .9989, euro 1.2310, sterling 1.5630, Swiss $1.0248. European Style: rand 8.2568, krone 6.0121, SEK 6.7564, forint 227.72, zloty 3.3377, koruna 20.5835, RUB 32.3128, yen 78.15, sing 1.2446, HKD 7.7539, INR 55.5175, China 6.3687, pesos 13.2847, BRL 2.0569, Dollar Index 82.582, Oil $88.27, 10-year 1.48%, Silver $27.93, Gold $1,614.90, and Platinum $1,410.25 That’s it for today. Thanks to all the readers who sent me notes regarding Lucy. I am happy to report that she pulled through last Friday’s operation with no complications and is almost back to her sweet self. I enjoyed watching the US girls grab the gold in gymnastics last night, and enjoyed watching Phelps set the record as the most decorated Olympian ever. The crew is coming in and the phones are about to turn on, so I better end this and get it out the door. Hope everyone has a Wonderful Wednesday, and thanks for reading the Pfennig!! Chris Gaffney, CFA Vice President EverBank World Markets 1-800-926-4922 1-314-647-3837 www.everbank.comlast_img read more

Barnes Noble Buys Microsofts Stake in Nook Media Ending TwoYear Partnership

first_img This story originally appeared on Reuters Barnes & Noble Buys Microsoft’s Stake in Nook Media, Ending Two-Year Partnership Learn how to successfully navigate family business dynamics and build businesses that excel. Add to Queue Next Article Image credit: Reuters | Mike Blake December 5, 2014 Reuters center_img Barnes & Noble Inc struck a deal to buy Microsoft Corp’s stake in Nook Media LLC, ending a two-year partnership and clearing the way for the bookseller to spin off its loss-making e-reader and digital content division.Barnes & Noble shares closed down 5.4 percent on the New York Stock Exchange after the company also reported a much-weaker-than-expected quarterly profit, due to lower sales of Nook devices.The company estimated the value of the cash and share deal at about $125 million.  Nook, launched in 2009, enjoyed initial success but has ended up costing Barnes & Noble hundreds of millions of dollars as it was unable to keep pace with Amazon.com Inc’s  Kindle and Apple Inc’s iPad.Microsoft invested $300 million in Barnes & Noble’s Nook e-reader in 2012 to gain a foothold in the fast-growing e-books market. As of Sept. 9, Microsoft owned about 17 percent of Nook Media through preferred shares.Barnes & Noble said in June it would spin off its Nook Media business, which includes college bookstores, to focus on its retail book business.”We mutually agreed that it made sense to terminate the agreement,” a Microsoft spokesman said in an email. Microsoft will lose money on its initial investment, but will also be spared any future payments to fund Nook, which were running at about $21 million per quarter.Under the agreement announced on Thursday, Microsoft will have the right to receive about 22.7 percent of total proceeds of Nook’s digital business, which excludes the college bookstores, if it is sold in the next three years.Pearson Plc owns 5 percent of Nook Media, which had revenue of $815 million in the second quarter ended Nov. 1.The company said it would buy Microsoft’s stake in Nook Media for $62.4 million in cash and about 2.7 million in shares.Barnes & Noble said it now expected to complete the separation of its Nook Media business at the end of August 2015. It had earlier expected to complete it by March.The company said its total revenue fell 2.6 percent to $1.69 billion in the second quarter. Retail sales fell 3.6 percent.Net income fell to $12.3 million, or 12 cents per share, from $13.2 million, or 15 cents per share, a year earlier. Analysts on average expected a profit of 31 cents per share on revenue of $1.69 billion, according to Thomson Reuters I/B/E/S.(Additional reporting by Ramkumar Iyer; Editing by Don Sebastian, Ted Kerr, Siddharth Cavale and Gunna Dickson) –shares Register Now » Free Webinar | July 31: Secrets to Running a Successful Family Business Microsoft 3 min readlast_img read more

Will Salesforce Customer 360 Arrival Push CRMs and DMPs Out of Equation

first_img blockchaincrmcustomer datacustomer experienceData Managementevergagemarketing cloudNewsNGDATApersonalizationSalesforce CDPSalesforce Customer 360Salesforce MarTechtealium Previous ArticleB-Scada Inc. Launches New Text Messaging Marketing PlatformNext ArticleMarTech Interview with Brad Agens, Founder at Glocally As we sink deeper and deeper into the ‘Experience’ economy, it’s getting even more noisier in the MarTech ecosystem with the coming of age for Customer Data Platforms (CDPs). Last month, SAP threw their hat into the CDP ring and now, this week, it’s Salesforce’s turn to disrupt the MarTech flywheel for CRMs and DMPs.Salesforce has announced its new-age product, Salesforce Customer 360, to enhance Data Management across all omnichannel Cloud offerings. Salesforce Customer Data platform was announced in Dreamforce 2018, and it took almost ten months for the #1 CRM company to align it with its concurrent Marketing Cloud solutions. Additionally, Adobe just announced the beta version of its platform and Oracle is rumored to debut its own very soon as well! In this anxious times for Cloud platforms connecting to CRMs and DMPs, we expect CDP providers to seize the moment and see a new line of MarTech customers who would invest in CDPs, pushing CRMs and DMPs to the backstage.Can Customer Data Platforms Solve all Marketing Challenges?According to Evergage, no CMO can deny that they need a CDP now or ever! According to the CDP Institute, industry revenues from CDP is expected to grow to $1 Billion in 2019. The major push will come from the collective technology innovations and marketing strategies of 29 new CDP vendors that emerged in the MarTech Radar in 2018. With SAP, Salesforce and Adobe taking the CDP game forward, linking real-time analytics and Cloud offerings together  for targeted and relevant personalization, the MarTech Equation for CMO’s stacks will change very soon.At least that’s what Salesforce is promising to deliver here.The company that adding new innovations to Customer 360 will help creating a comprehensive customer data solution for entire Marketing Cloud ecosystem. And, yes, it could solve the challenges that today’s CDPs are trying to address and much more.Why CDPs Rock the CRM Market?CDPs are broad-spectrum MarTech platforms compared to CRMs and DMPs that come with their own legacies in many organizations. CRMs are designed to gather and analyze data from only one particular customer relationship channel, and that’s where they falter in delivering relevant 360-degree customer experience that most modern marketing teams are craving for, today! CDPs bring data from every customer interaction channel, streamlined and funneled into one single platform, and this directly translates into Sales-Marketing alignment that CMOs always prioritize. Better Sale-Marketing alignment deliver higher revenues and higher customer loyalty.We are pursuing unified data, and not scattered data.In 2017, Steve Lucas, CEO of Marketo (now, an Adobe Company) had said, this about CRM –“The whole acronym – CRM – is fundamentally flawed because it implies that we get to “manage” our customers. They don’t want to be managed, they want to be engaged. It’s a fact that buyers are in now charge, and they demand brand experiences that let them feel valued, align with their values, and connect with them on a personal level. I call this concept the Engagement Economy, and succeeding in this new world means engaging with customers continuously – at every touchpoint, on every channel – throughout the entire lifecycle.”According to NGDATA, “A CDP maintains unified data. Add a dash of AI and Blockchain to it — and, voila, you have the most powerful Data Management platform ever conceived in MarTech. So, even if data is being captured from multiple channels, it will be tagged to a single customer….”According to Forbes, “With a greater understanding of customer needs, as well as the ability to anticipate future needs, there’s a higher likelihood that customers will become repeat customers. Forty-four percent of organizations surveyed by Forbes Insights report that a customer data platform is helping drive customer loyalty and ROI in their organization.”That’s not alone.Here is a quick snapshot of how CDPs have been changing CMO’s tactics in the past few years.Source: The Relevancy Group- 2016CDPs Essential to Contextual Relevance and Interactive Customer ExperiencesAccording to Tealium’s CEO, Jeff Lunsford, CDPs are a very refined and customizable option for modern Marketing teams. He spoke to MarTech Series:“As specialized enterprise software propagates throughout the enterprise, companies are also using an increasing number of software applications. Even companies that select an all-in-one suite for customer experience or marketing purposes will typically have ten more or more very critical systems outside that suite that they want to share data with. This challenge leads to the logical evolution of a vendor-agnostic, neutral data layer within the enterprise, which sits underneath and orchestrates data flows between these various suites and solutions.”Read Also: Hot Topics Recap: Cannes Lions 2019So, what about the neutral layer in the CDPs?Jeff explained, “The neutral data layer helps enterprises overcome classic data silo issues and allows data to flow freely across the organization. Enterprises that want to future-proof their tech stack and maximize the insights they can gain from their data would be wise to select a solution that enables data freedom and empowers them to quickly adapt to evolving customer needs.”Tealium is one of the pioneers in the CDP market.In a recent interview, Lotame’s Global VP- Evgeny Popov, said, “DMP by design has interoperability in mind thus allowing data to flow to any activation channel to allow omnichannel marketing. The key to this is connectivity across platforms and channels. At Lotame, we have our first-party connectivity suite which gives marketers the ability to collect data from online and offline sources, map it together, and determine the relationships that exist between billions of signals flowing from desktops, smartphones, tablets, and connected devices such as smart TVs. Our second and third-party data marketplaces, along with our Machine Learning look-alike modeling tool, allows customers to layer on additional profiles for scale.”Read More: Blockchain in Advertising: The Implications for Every Player in the SystemB2B Market: That’s where CDPs will Drive Customer Experience Economy in 2019-2024Theresa O’Neil, CMO of Showpad: “Tech giants’ moves to launch CDPs demonstrates the focus B2B companies are placing on creating streamlined, omnichannel customer experiences. Once the sales team gets involved, it’s essentially a black box, with zero awareness of who the customer is and a lack of insight into previous interactions with content and other sales materials. With disjointed information, salespeople can’t demonstrate unique business value, which thereby prevents them from hitting quota. And without bottom of the funnel data and analytics, marketing can’t optimize content to support the sales team.”Showpad’s CMO continued, “We need the same data analysis we have at the top of the funnel extended through the bottom of the funnel too. We’re seeing more enterprise players invest in customer data management capabilities for risk of losing their customers with a disjointed omnichannel experience. Having prospect data aggregated and centralized from the first interaction will help salespeople and marketers provide an exceptional experience for the customer and at the end of the day, boost revenue.”Read Also: TechBytes with Vinayak Nair, VP Research Ops and Custom Analytics at Verto AnalyticsSalesforce Customer 360: Belting Out Powerful MarTech Integrations Unified by Data, Analytics and AdaptabilityIn the official announcement, Salesforce  declared:“When we introduced Customer 360, it was a new way for companies to connect Salesforce apps and deliver unified cross-channel customer experiences. In other words, Customer 360 represents a fundamental commitment on the part of Salesforce — including marketing, sales, service, and commerce — to provide a unified customer profile that can be used across our customers’ organizations.With Customer 360 we promised to deliver a unified ID. With it, companies can easily connect and resolve customer data across their various Salesforce apps. The ID points to a single customer (or other key entity), fires up deeper, more connected insights, and enables stronger engagement across the entire customer journey.”The Curve Ahead: AI, Automation and Migration to Big Data+ BlockchainSalesforce made an acquisition deal with Tableau recently- adding powerful Data Science platform to its Marketing Cloud capabilities. Then, it also announced a significant upgrade to Pardot, their Marketing Automation platform. Together with Salesforce Einstein AI and Salesforce Blockchain CRM, we see their CDP platform creating a new roadmap for CDP market in 2020. If Salesforce is doing it, it’s definitely going to become CMO’s ubiquitous MarTech choice to build, grow and sustain in a customer-obsessed ‘Experience’ economy. Let’s see how SAP, Adobe and Oracle Marketing Clouds  pace their innings in the hyper-personalized MarTech ecosystem in the coming weeks. Don’t ignore Google’s MarTech horizon, though!Thank you, Jeff and Theresa for chatting with us, and providing deep insights into CDP ecosystem. To participate in our editorial programs, please write to us at News@martechseries.comRecommended: Big Data Push to MarTech Continues as Google Taps Looker for $2.6 Billion Will Salesforce Customer 360 Arrival Push CRMs and DMPs Out of Equation in 2020? Sudipto Ghosh1 day agoJuly 22, 2019 last_img read more

Study finds link between high pesticide exposure and poor sense of smell

first_imgReviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Jan 17 2019A Michigan State University study is the first to show an association between unusually high pesticide exposure and poor sense of smell among aging farmers.The research examined more than 11,200 farmers over a 20-year period. At the start of the study, about 16 percent of participants reported having experienced a high pesticide exposure event, or HPEE, such as a large amount of pesticide spilling on their body. Two decades later, they were asked if they suffered olfactory impairment, a partial to complete loss of sense of smell.Farmers who reported an HPEE were 50 percent more likely to report a poor sense of smell at the end of the study. The research also showed that an immediate washing with soap and water might mitigate risk. Compared to farmers who never experienced a high exposure event, those who did and washed within three hours, had about a 40 percent higher risk of having problems with smell. Those who waited four or more hours, saw their risk potentially double.Related StoriesHealthy lifestyle lowers dementia risk despite genetic predispositionAn active brain and body associated with reduced risk of dementiaLiving a healthy lifestyle may help offset genetic risk of dementiaThe study, a collaboration with researchers from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences and the National Cancer Institute, is published in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives.”Studying farmers gives us more reliable data on pesticide exposures than if we had studied the general population,” said Honglei Chen, lead author and professor of epidemiology. “Because they use pesticides more and it’s part of their job, they’re more likely to remember what pesticides they used and in cases of high exposures, report the specific events.”In the study, Chen was able to identify two insecticides – DDT and lindane – as well as four weed killers – alachlor, metolachlor, 2,4-D and pendimethalin – that showed a greater association with poor sense of smell.”Farmers reporting incidents, involving unusually high exposures to certain organochlorine insecticides such as DDT and herbicides including 2,4-D, were more likely to have a poor sense of smell,” he said. “More research needs to be done, but some studies have linked these chemicals to Parkinson’s and possibly dementia too.”While poor sense of smell has been shown to be an early symptom of Parkinson’s and dementia, Chen said his study only addresses an association between pesticide exposure and impaired smell, not to neurodegenerative diseases.”Olfactory impairment affects up to 25 percent of our older population, and our understanding of what the consequences are is still very limited,” Chen said. “Studies have also suggested that older adults with a poor sense of smell are more likely to die earlier, so understanding the factors involved is very important.”​Source: https://msutoday.msu.edu/news/2019/high-pesticide-exposure-among-farmers-linked-to-poor-sense-of-smell-later/last_img read more

Study Later meal timing may contribute to weight gain

first_img Source:https://www.endocrine.org/news-room/2019/endo-2019—eating-later-in-the-day-may-be-associated-with-obesity Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Mar 25 2019Eating later in the day may contribute to weight gain, according to a new study to be presented Saturday at ENDO 2019, the Endocrine Society’s annual meeting in New Orleans, La.Previous studies have suggested that later timing of eating and sleeping are related to obesity, said lead author Adnin Zaman, M.D., of the University of Colorado in Denver, Colo. “However, few studies have assessed both meal and sleep timing in adults with obesity, and it is not clear whether eating later in the day is associated with shorter sleep duration or higher body fat,” she said.The study used three types of technology to record participants’ sleep, physical activity and eating patterns. “It has been challenging to apply sleep and circadian science to medicine due to a lack of methods for measuring daily patterns of human behavior,” Zaman said. “We used a novel set of methods for simultaneous measurement of daily sleep, physical activity, and meal timing patterns that could be used to identify persons at risk for increased weight gain.”Related StoriesResearchers find link between maternal obesity and childhood cancer in offspringResearch team receives federal grant to study obesity in children with spina bifidaMetabolic enzyme tied to obesity and fatty liver diseaseThe week-long study included 31 overweight and obese adults, average age 36. Ninety percent were women. They were enrolled in an ongoing weight-loss trial comparing daily caloric restrictions to time-restricted feeding, meaning they could only eat during certain hours of the day.Participants wore an activPAL electronic device on their thigh. This device measured how much time they spent in physical and sedentary activities. They also wore an Actiwatch, which assesses sleep/wake patterns. Participants were asked to use a phone app called MealLogger to photograph and time stamp all meals and snacks throughout the day.The researchers found that on average, participants consumed food throughout an 11-hour timeframe during the day and slept for about 7 hours a night. People who ate later in the day slept at a later time, but they slept for about the same amount of time as those who finished eating earlier. Later meal timing was associated with a higher body mass index as well as greater body fat.”We used a novel set of methods to show that individuals with overweight or obesity may be eating later into the day,” Zaman said. “These findings support our overall study, which will look at whether restricting the eating window to earlier on in the day will lower obesity risk.””Given that wearable activity monitors and smartphones are now ubiquitous in our modern society, it may soon be possible to consider the timing of behaviors across 24 hours in how we approach the prevention and treatment of obesity,” Zaman said.last_img read more

Will automated vehicles take the stress out of driving Research says dont

Citation: Will automated vehicles take the stress out of driving? Research says ‘don’t count on it’ (2018, May 8) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-05-automated-vehicles-stress-dont.html In their newly published Human Factors article, “Driver Vigilance in Automated Vehicles: Hazard Detection Failures Are a Matter of Time,” Eric Greenlee, Patricia DeLucia, and David Newton evaluate whether increased time on the road could reduce drivers’ ability to detect and respond appropriately to an automation failure.Greenlee, an assistant professor of human factors psychology, notes, “State-of-the-art vehicle automation systems are designed to safely maintain lane position, speed, and headway without the need for manual driving. However, there are some situations in which the automation system may fail without warning. To compensate for this, drivers are expected to remain vigilant, continuously monitor the roadway, and retake control of their vehicle should the need arise, but past research has shown that a person’s ability to remain vigilant declines as a function of time.”To test the role of vigilance in automated driving, the researchers asked 22 young adults to drive a simulated automated vehicle for 40 minutes. The drivers’ task was to observe vehicles stopped at intersections and distinguish between those that were positioned safety versus unsafely, a roadway hazard that the simulated vehicle’s automation could not detect. Participants then pressed a button on their steering wheel to indicate a dangerous vehicle.The drivers detected 30% fewer hazards at the end of the drive than at the beginning, and they also tended to react more slowly to hazards as the drive progressed. Additionally, participants reported in a post-task questionnaire that monitoring for automation failures was difficult and stressful.”Our results demonstrate that there are high costs associated with the need for sustained supervisory duty in automated vehicles,” Greenlee adds. “And the expectation that a human driver will provide reliable, attentive oversight during vehicle automation is untenable. Monitoring for automation failures can be quite demanding and stressful, suggesting that vehicle automation does not ensure an easy or carefree driving experience. As a result, vigilance should be a focal safety concern in the development of vehicle automation.” Explore further More information: Eric T. Greenlee et al, Driver Vigilance in Automated Vehicles: Hazard Detection Failures Are a Matter of Time, Human Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (2018). DOI: 10.1177/0018720818761711 The expectation that automated vehicles will make drivers’ jobs easier, especially if they’ve been behind the wheel for an extended period, may be more than a little flawed, according to a study by human factors/ergonomics researchers at Texas Tech University. Autonomous driving – hands on the wheel or no wheel at all Provided by Human Factors and Ergonomics Society This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. read more

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A third vehicle was extracted from the collapse later on Saturday. read more