JOHANNESBURG (AP): Australia chased down 204 in a thrilling last-ball victory over South Africa in the second Twenty20 international yesterday to level the three-game series at 1-1. Australia’s chase was powered by a brilliant partnership of 161 between David Warner, who made 77 off 40 balls, and Glenn Maxwell, who got 75 off 43. The pair took Australia from 32-3 to 193-4. Maxwell fell in the penultimate over and Warner was out first ball of the last over, leaving new batsmen Mitchell Marsh and James Faulkner to get 11 off the final five balls to win. Helped by two wides in that last over from Kagiso Rabada, the Australians scrambled home to 205-5, running two off the last delivery to clinch a victory that appeared way out of their reach at 32-3 in the sixth over.
South Africa has one of the highest rates of public investment in education in the world. Government spending on basic education during 2015/16 is estimated at R203 468-billion. (Image: Mathiba Molefe)Brand South Africa ReporterAccording to the Bill of Rights of South Africa’s Constitution, all South Africans have the right to a basic education, including adult basic education and access to further education. The state has an obligation, through reasonable measures, to progressively make this education available and accessible.South Africa has one of the highest rates of public investment in education in the world. At about 7% of gross domestic product (GDP) and 20% of total state expenditure, the government spends more on education than on any other sector.Government spending on basic education during 2015/16 is estimated at R203 468 billion.Over the next three years, roughly R640 billion will go towards basic education.Three bands of educationStructure and responsibilitiesSchool statisticsHigher education and trainingSpending and challengesAction Plan to 2014Three bands of educationSouth Africa’s National Qualifications Framework (NQF) recognises three broad bands of education: General Education and Training, Further Education and Training, and Higher Education and Training.School life spans 13 years or grades, from grade 0, otherwise known as grade R or “reception year”, through to grade 12 or “matric” – the year of matriculation. General Education and Training runs from grade 0 to grade 9.Under the South African Schools Act of 1996, education is compulsory for all South Africans from the age of seven (grade 1) to age 15, or the completion of grade 9.General Education and Training also includes Adult Basic Education and Training (ABET), which is available to adults who want to finish their basic education.Further Education and Training takes place from grades 10 to 12, and also includes career-oriented education and training offered in other Further Education and Training institutions – technical colleges, community colleges and private colleges. Diplomas and certificates are qualifications recognised at this level.The matric pass rate, which was as low as 40% in the late 1990s, has improved considerably. A total of 511 152 candidates sat the matriculation exams in 2012, 73.9% of whom passed. This is an increase of 13.3% since 2009 (60.6%).Structure and responsibilitiesSince 2009, the national Department of Education has been split into two ministries: Basic Education, and Higher Education and Training. Each ministry is responsible for its level of education across the country as a whole, while each of the nine provinces has its own education department.South African Communist Party secretary-general Blade Nzimande is the minister of Higher Education and Training, while former Gauteng Education MEC Angie Motshekga oversees the Ministry of Basic Education.The Ministry of Basic Education focuses on primary and secondary education, as well as early childhood development centres.The Ministry of Higher Education and Training is responsible for tertiary education up to doctorate level, technical and vocational training, as well as adult basic education and training.It also oversees public and private FET colleges, which cater for out-of-school youth and adults. The government aims to have 1-million students enrolled at colleges by 2014.The split also saw the sector education and training authorities (Setas) move from the Department of Labour to Higher Education, aiming to foster a more co-operative approach to skills development.The central government provides a national framework for school policy, but administrative responsibility lies with the provinces. Power is further devolved to grassroots level via elected school governing bodies, which have a significant say in the running of their schools.Private schools and higher education institutions have a fair amount of autonomy, but are expected to fall in line with certain government non-negotiables – no child may be excluded from a school on grounds of his or her race or religion, for example.The Umalusi Council, which is appointed by the minister of Higher Education, sets and monitors standards for general and further education and training, while the Council of Higher Education keeps an eye on higher education and training, including accreditation and quality assurance.School statisticsSouth Africa relies on the matric pass rate as a significant marker of what’s going on in its schools. The matric pass rate, which was as low as 40% in the late 1990s, has improved considerably. South Africa’s 2014 matric students achieved a pass rate of 75.8%. There was an increase in achievements by distinction in subjects such as History: increased from 3.3% to 4.1%, Mathematical Literacy: from 1.8% to 2.4% and Physical Science: 3.0% to 3.3%.The 2015 statistics from the Department of Basic Education show that the National Senior Certificate (NSC) examination was written by 550 127 full-time learners and 138 533 part-time students, in public and independent schools.In South Africa, the average ratio of learners to teachers is 30.4 to one, which includes educators paid for by school governing bodies. Without those extra posts, the ratio would be 32.3 to one. In general, public schools generally have larger classes than those in independent schools.See a selection of reports to date from the Department of Basic Education’s report, including education statistics for 2014Higher education and trainingHigher Education and Training, or tertiary education, includes education for undergraduate and postgraduate degrees, certificates and diplomas, up to the level of the doctoral degree.A matric endorsement is required for the study of university degrees, with a minimum of three subjects passed at the higher, rather than standard, grade, although some universities set additional academic requirements. A standard school-leaving South African senior certificate is sufficient for technical qualifications and diplomas.South Africa has a vibrant higher education sector, with 23 state-funded tertiary institutions: 11 universities, six universities of technology, and six comprehensive institutions. There are also new institutes of higher education, the Northern Cape National Institute for Higher Education, and the Mpumalanga National Institute for Higher Education.Many of South Africa’s universities are world-class academic institutions, at the cutting edge of research in certain spheres. Although subsidised by the state, the universities are autonomous, reporting to their own councils rather than government.See South Africa’s universitiesAccording to figures from the Council of Higher Education, 892 936 students (726 882 undergraduates and 138 610 postgraduates) were enrolled in South Africa’s public higher-education institutions in 2010. Staff employed by these institutions numbered 127 969, with 46 579 of those academic staff.In 2010, the public higher education institutions produced 153 741 qualifications at all levels, with 74 612 qualifications in the human and social sciences; 41 724 in business and commerce; and 37 405 qualifications in science and technology.Higher education is also offered at private institutions, of which there are 88 registered and 27 provisionally registered with the Department of Higher Education to confer specific degrees and diplomas.See the Register of Higher Education Institutions [PDF]Since 2009, the Department of Higher Education and Training has also been responsible for Further Education and Training (FET), which covers training provided from Grades 10 to 12, including career-oriented education and training offered in technical colleges, community colleges and private colleges. There are currently around 450 registered FET colleges in South Africa.See the latest Register of Private FET colleges [PDF], which includes colleges’ approved qualifications and contact details.The National Student Financial Aid Scheme (NSFAS) was established in 1999 to make higher education possible for financially disadvantaged students through loans and concessions, such as not charging interest on student loans until 12 months after a student has graduated.See the National Student Financial Aid Scheme website.Spending and challengesCompared with most other countries, education gets a very large slice of the public pie – around 20% of total state expenditure. It receives the largest share of government spending.More money is always needed to address the huge backlogs left by 40 years of apartheid education. Under that system, white South African children received a quality schooling virtually for free, while their black counterparts had only “Bantu education”, a keystone of the overall apartheid system.Although today’s government is working to rectify the imbalances in education, the apartheid legacy remains. Illiteracy rates currently stand at around 18% of adults over 15 years old (about 9-million adults are not functionally literate), teachers in township schools are poorly trained.Despite the challenges, much has been achieved since apartheid legislation was scrapped. For example, in 1993 nearly half of all students in higher education institutions were white, but since 1994, black African enrolments have nearly doubled, growing by 91% (or 4.4% a year) and overall enrolments have grown by 41% (or 2.3% a year).However, South Africa’s student participation rate – that is, the proportion of 18- to 24-year olds in higher education – is a low 16%.Equity has yet to be achieved: almost 58.5% of whites and around 51% of Indians enter higher education. The rate for coloureds is 14.3%, while blacks are even lower at 12%. The reason for this is generally understood as poor quality primary and secondary schooling, which is a priority for the current government.The greatest challenges for schooling lie in the poorer, rural provinces such as the Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal. Schools are generally better resourced in the more affluent provinces such as Gauteng and the Western Cape.Action Plan to 2014The government’s newest strategy for turning education around is known as “Action Plan to 2014: Towards the Realisation of Schooling 2025”, which aims to improve learning and the work of teachers.With a new curriculum at its heart, the focus is on literacy and numeracy. Known as the national Curriculum and Assessment Policy Statement (CAPS), the new curriculum provides very specific guidelines to streamline what is taught in schools with the aim to close the divide between well-resourced and poor schools. Curriculum implementation is supported through the national educational portal, Thutong (Setswana, meaning “place of learning”).Other measures include the introduction of standardised assessments of grade three, six and nine to better track progress; an emphasis on early child development and universal access to Grade R; ensuring learners have access to good quality textbooks; and improving school infrastructure and strengthening school management.Teacher education and development programmes have also been strengthened, including funding for bursaries for trainee teachers.The education of the poorest of the poor remains a priority, and includes two notable programmes. One is no-fee schools, institutions that receive all their required funding from the state and so do not have to charge school fees. These have been carefully identified in the country’s most poverty-stricken areas.The other is the National Schools Nutrition Programme, which gives more than 8.8- million schoolchildren a cooked meal five days a week.Read more about the Action Plan to 2014: Towards the Realisation of Schooling 2025 on the Department of Basic Education’s website.Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.
It’s been only four years since the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX) was passed. But in many ways this one piece of legislation has already had a profound impact on the entire business community. The goal of SOX is to achieve greater transparency and accountability in financial reporting, and in doing so, provide a way to more closely scrutinize public coporations from the outside. Stiff fines, penalties and the threat of litigation have been strong motivators to get companies to comply. But many or maybe even most companies still have a long way to go.Part of the reluctance or difficulty with SOX is just coming to grips with what it all means. SOX does not clearly spell out in black and white the steps for achieving compliance. It was intended to provide overall guidance, but it is very broad and lengthy, consisting of 11 parts and 66 sections. The language in SOX was written in very general terms to spell out requirements that apply to all public companies, and the interpretation and the methods by which SOX compliance are achieved is still evolving.Application of SOX to a business requires a sound understanding of the company’s business processes and the flow of information in the business. Perhaps the most onerous SOX requirement is contained in section 404 that requires companies to maintain documentation of all their internal controls and to be able to provide access to that information so that an external auditor can regularly review and attest to the company compliance with the law.Section 302 requires that corporate executives provide and certify the correctness of the contents of company financial reports and also certify that the procedure for the preparation of the reports was done in a manner that is consistent with the law.Sections 302 and 404, in particular, and to a lesser extent, sections 103, 104, 105, 408, 409, 801, 802, 906 and 1102 of SOX focus on the management and control of business processes and the information that flows through them.Forward-thinking corporate executives have seen that Sarbanes-Oxley, while restrictive, is in many ways just good business. It is a very structured approach for reducing operational risk, improving business performance, and achieving competitive advantage.While there is no ‘silver-bullet’ for achieving SOX compliance, technology exists today to simplify the task. Enterprise Content Management (ECM) components like Document Management, Records Management and Business Process Management can assist in meeting many of the SOX requirements.Applying general ECM tools to SOX compliance may make sense to many companies rather than a closely tailored SOX-out-of-the-box solution. Many companies need to deal with other types of compliance other than SOX. There is a lot of overlap in requirements, but clearly the system should be flexible to handle requirements and scenarios that fall outside of those from SOX. Banks, finance and insurance companies are bound by Basel II, health care companies are bound by HIPAA, and public companies also need to comply SEC regulations such as 17a-4. Not to mention FDA CPR 21 Section 11, FASB, IASB, MISMO, and the Patriot Act.ECM assists in the capture and classification of documents and records and manages them through their complete lifecycle and controls their final disposition, and its use is applicable across a the entire range of regulatory compliance applications.ECM benefits for compliance applications:– eliminate/reduce the risk of being unable to locate critical documents– save labor required to manage, locate and retrieve documents required for audits– fast ROI from the improved speed in document retrieval– ability to provide quick and accurate responses to regulatory bodies and court requestsWhen approaching compliance, products from ECM tool and application vendors like Formtek should form the base of the solution. ECM technology can assist in dramatically reducing the overall cost of achieving compliance.
The Numaligarh Refinery Employees’ Union on Wednesday wrote to Assam Assembly Speaker Hitendra Nath Goswami seeking an Assembly resolution against the Centre’s bid to disinvest Numaligarh Refinery Limited via Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL), its parent company.The union said privatising the refinery, referred to as NRL, would have been logical had it been a loss-making entity. “Since its establishment in 1993 till 2018-19 fiscal, NRL has paid more than Rs. 30,000 crore to the National and State exchequer, contributing immensely to the country’s growth,” the union’s general secretary Binod Gogoi said.In a memorandum to Mr. Goswami, the union sought an Assembly resolution against NRL’s privatisation. It also asked the Assam government to strive for merging NRL with the Indian Oil Corporation Limited by letting the petroleum major take over the refinery’s 61.65% share from BPCL.The All Assam Students’ Union (AASU) and other civic organisations have been protesting against the bid to privatise NRL, popularly called the Assam Accord Refinery. Setting up the refinery was among the clauses of the 1985 accord that ended a violent six-year agitation for ejecting illegal migrants from the State.“We don’t want some private company take over NRL which was built on the blood of 855 martyrs of the agitation and is thus high on sentimental value for the people of Assam,” AASU president Dipanka Kumar Nath said.
After the Honor 10 Lite, the Huawei sub-brand is ready to launch yet another smartphone in India at the start of 2019. This time, Honor will be bringing its latest flagship, the View 20. The phone was recently announced globally in Paris and is now set to become the first major flagship launch in India this year. The Honor View 20 touts a few first-ever technologies that include a hole punch display, 48MP rear camera and a unique chevron design language, among other things.The Honor View 20 is set to launch at an event in Gurugram, which starts at 12pm. Honor will of course be live streaming the event, which you can catch here. The Honor View 20 will launch as an Amazon India-exclusive device and you can catch the live stream of the event on the e-commerce website starting 12.30pm. The company will announce the pricing and availability details in just a short while.Honor View 20 expected price in IndiaThe Honor View 20 is available in the European market with a price tag that’s close to around Rs 45,000 to Rs 50,000. However, the company is expected to price the device a lot more competitively in India so that it is in a position to take on the OnePlus 6T. As per recent reports, Honor will announce the View 20 with a price starting at Rs 35,999. This is for the base model with 6GB of RAM and 128GB of internal storage. The company should also bring the 8GB + 128GB variant that will likely be priced closer to Rs 40,000. There is also a special edition Moschino version of the View 20 in existence, but it is unclear whether the company intends to bring that to the country.advertisementHonor View 20 specificationsThe Honor View 20 brings a unique design language for the company as it is the first phone to sport a new punch-hole display. Like the Samsung Galaxy A8s, the View 20 also has a small hole on the screen to house the selfie camera, as an alternative to the notch. The hole, which is 4.5mm in size, is placed on the top left corner. This allows the View 20 to offer a tall 6.4-inch LCD FHD+ display with over 91 per cent screen-to-body ratio and a 19.5:9 aspect ratio. The glass back sees a unique chevron design with V-shaped pattern running down the back. This will be offered in blue and red colours.Powering the View 20 is an octa-core Kirin 980 chipset with Dual NPU for advanced AI and machine learning tricks. This is paired with up to 8GB of RAM and up to 128GB of internal storage. The View 20 also houses a large 4,000mAh battery and will ship with Android 9 Pie-based Magic UI.The View 20 is also the world’s first smartphone to offer a 48MP rear camera. Honor is using a Sony IMX586 CMOS sensor that will use pixel binning technology to merge four 0.8 micron pixels into one to offer a large 1.6 micron pixels when using the 12MP mode. You can also use the 48MP AI Clarity mode to capture extremely detailed images in daylight conditions. There is also a secondary ToF (Time of Flight) camera on board to obtain depth information. Up front, the View 20 gets a 25MP selfie camera with f/2.0 aperture housed in the cutout.ALSO READ | Honor View 20 launched with punch-hole display, 48MP camera: Price, specs, India launch detailsALSO READ | Honor View 20 quick review: A hole new experience
The Sunshine Coast girls’ team fought back from a 3-2 half-time deficit to claim the X-Blades 2007 18 Years and Under National Championships Shield today.The Queensland girls had to fight off determined competition from NSWCIS but were too good in the end, running out 6-4 winners. Sunshine Coast captain Karen Freeman said she was proud of her young team. “Most of our girls are about 14 or 15 and they learnt a lot so that was good. It was a really hard game. [NSWCIS] played really well, it was a nice hard physical game,” Freeman said. TouchWest were crowned champions in the Plate division after disposing of Northern Territory 7-5 in the grand final. The accolade will be confidence boosting for one of Touch Football’s emerging regions. TouchWest coach Angela Doyle said all the girls were thrilled after the victory. “It’s been a pretty tough week for the girls, not winning anything in the round games. So to come out in the Plate series and take that is a good bonus for us,” she said. Doyle said Western Australia’s effort in bringing both a boys and a girls team to the Championships was an achievement in itself. “We haven’t been able to get two teams here for a while so getting a boys and a girls team here is a huge success for TouchWest. We just wanted to do as good as we could this year and we’ll keep building for the next couple of years. “Doyle said the securing the Plate would inspire the team to return bigger and better in 2008. She identified three players in the team’s leadership group for special mention. “Our captains and vice-captains, Sharon Wong, Jenaya Quan and Claire French, have really stepped up. They are definitely the senior players. We’ve got a lot of new young players and they led really, really well.” In the boys division it was local heroes Northern Eagles that took out the Shield final. Eagles accounted for South Queensland Sharks 4-2 in a thrilling final.The Eagles handled the conditions best as the skies opened for the first time in the tournament. Eagles coach David Scholes said Shaye Moran, Malcom Webster and Luke White were the standout performers in his team. “I was pleased with the boys. We didn’t do any preparation for the game. They just came here cold and they went well,” he said. Sydney Scorpions took out the boys’ Plate final with a 10-6 win over Northern Territory. Scorpions coach David Nolan said the Plate was a good reward for his young side who tried hard but struggled at times in the tournament. “We’ve got a group of guys that range from 14s to 18s. 15 or 16 is the average age so its very much a building tournament for us. For them to get exposure to an elite level of Touch and shows our potential for coming years,” Nolan said. Nolan credited much of his team’s victory to captain and line-attacking specialist Sam Brisby. “Sam Brisby was our MVP for the tournament and again he stepped up when we needed him to step up. He’s just a fantastic kid, individually brilliant and also a fantastic leader,” Nolan said. Well done to all the teams that competed in a very successful 2007 National 18 Years and Under Championships.
Members of the Touch Football community have been recognised at Australia Day awards ceremonies across Australia, for their contribution and achievements in the sport. Australian Mixed Open co-captain, Kylie Hilder was named the Sportsperson of the Year at the Great Lakes Australia Day Awards ceremony for her efforts in helping Australia win the Mixed Open title at the 2012 Trans Tasman Series in Mudgee. To read the stories in the Great Lakes Advocate, please click on the link below:http://www.greatlakesadvocate.com.au/story/1262618/australia-day-awards-go-to/?cs=445 http://www.greatlakesadvocate.com.au/story/1267619/aussie-day-honour-for-hilder/?cs=445 Mudgee Touch Association secretary, Kathy Lang was also recognised, receiving the Mid-Western Regional Council’s Senior Sports Award. To read the full story in the Mudgee Guardian, please click on the link below:http://www.mudgeeguardian.com.au/story/1262725/volunteer-earns-top-award/?cs=12 The Yass Touch Association was also recognised, receiving the Australia Day Community Group award at the Yass Valley Australia Day Awards. To read the full story in the Yass Tribune, please click on the link below:http://www.yasstribune.com.au/story/1265212/yass-touch-wins-australia-day-award/?cs=12 If you know of any other members of the Touch Football community that received recognition at Australia Day awards, be sure to let us know by emailing firstname.lastname@example.org. Related LinksAustralia Day Awards
China will relax its one-child policy, state media said Friday, in a major policy shift announced days after the conclusion of a meeting of top Communist Party leaders.The change to the family planning law will let couples have two children if one of them is an only child, state news agency Xinhua reported, citing a “key decision” made by leaders at this week’s gathering, known as the Third Plenum.
On Thursday, the NBA announced the final results of fan balloting for the 2015 All-Star Game, to be held in New York City on Feb. 15. The fans’ votes determined which players — specifically, two guards and three frontcourt players — will start for each conference. (Reserve selections are made by the league’s head coaches and will be announced next Thursday.)Some of the results were beyond dispute. For instance, Golden State’s Stephen Curry led all NBA players with more than 1.5 million votes, an honor thoroughly befitting the current league leader in Real Plus-Minus (RPM). Others were less supportable; Kobe Bryant garnered more votes than all but three players despite sub-replacement level play this season, while Carmelo Anthony was elected an Eastern Conference starter despite his Knicks’ well-documented awfulness.The fans have a long history of casting votes for big names playing subpar ball, and it’s clear there’s not a perfect relationship between All-Star voting and actual on-court value. To see what kind of link exists between the two, I plotted vote totals against RPM wins above replacement (WAR) for the 50 players whose results were released Thursday. For a sense of how many WAR are generally needed to earn a given number of votes, I also ran a local regression between the two numbers.The relationship between voting and WAR isn’t particularly strong, especially for players with fewer than 5 WAR. Once a player is beyond that territory, it appears he can at least begin to grab voters’ attention with better play. But for players below that threshold, performance can be lost in a sea of other confounding factors.Bearing in mind that rather large caveat, the most underrated player in the sample was the Portland Trail Blazers’ Damian Lillard; his 7.4 WAR appears to deserve nearly 800,000 votes, but he amassed less than half that. Similarly, Paul Millsap of the Atlanta Hawks was picked on only about 122,000 ballots, despite a WAR total that would seemingly justify over four times as many votes.At the other end of the spectrum, Bryant certainly looks overvalued — his 1.15 million votes were about four times what would be expected from his WAR total. But the player with the biggest disparity between actual and predicted voting this season is Kobe’s old rival LeBron James. James’s 5.5 WAR seems to correlate with about 412,000 votes — roughly the same as what the Chicago Bulls’ Jimmy Butler compiled (and deserved) in the balloting — but James’s actual total of 1.47 million beat that prediction by more than a million votes.Here’s each player’s vote total compared to what would be expected based on WAR: